Health and medicine involving infants, toddlers, children, and young persons behave differently than those of adults. As such, there is an entire specialty in the field of medicine dedicated solely to this age group. In medicine, pediatric health professionals are specialists who are trained and educated to deal with the complexities and conditions of young peoples’ health. This includes vaccinations, routine checkups, and urgent care for illnesses. Although children possess the same biological systems adults do, these systems are at a completely different stage in their development and may require completely different care.
Immune systems in children lack the learned response to diseases, so they tend to become sick faster and more severely than adults do. Kids are often more lax and unaware of unhygienic behavior, and are consequently in higher danger of infection and viral and bacterial transmissions. While parents fulfill the primary needs of children at home, pediatricians provide specialized medical insight into the diseases and disorders specific to childhood. Children are susceptible to a host of developmental disorders and diseases, which have potential to permanently disable and even kill. Pediatricians rigorously study the developmental processes specific to children to better understand how medical decisions affect child health.
While children have special susceptibility to certain conditions, they are still vulnerable to the various diseases that affect adults. General pediatricians provide primary care to children while other physicians may choose to specialize in certain areas of children’s health to provide advanced services. Most of the specialties common in adult health apply equally in pediatrics, with the exception of reproductive health (not applicable to prepubescent children). Although pediatrics provides general care for children, this care varies greatly depending on the child’s development. Infants require vaccinations and extensive testing to ensure proper biological function while preteens and teenagers may need gynecological and reproductive care. Pediatricians must verse themselves in a wide range of topics and remain conscious of their patients’ developmental processes and the effects on health.
The resources below are a compilation of commonly presented conditions, concerns, and issues relating to pediatric health and medicine.
Diagnosis and Information
- Family Doctor Health Information (http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home.html)
- A guide to patient health listing common concerns and illnesses.
eMedicine Pediatrics Articles (http://emedicine.medscape.com/pediatrics_general)
- Articles relating to pediatric practice.
Health Touch Online (http://www.healthtouch.com/level1/menu.htm)
- A searchable database of health information with extensive drug facts and pharmacy locators.
Kids Health (http://kidshealth.org/index.html)
- Children’s health information for parents, teens and kids provided by the Nemours Foundation.
Merck Manuals: Online Medical Library (http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/index.html)
- An online resource for health, edited by practicing physicians to ensure factual information.
Cincinatti Children’s Hospital: Child Health (http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/health/info/default.htm)
- Searchable and categorized resource for children’s health issues.
New York Department of Health: Disease Information (http://www.health.ny.gov/diseases/)
- Information on many common diseases and viruses.
Free Medicine Foundation (http://www.ims-1.com/~freemed/)
- A place for low-income households and seniors to apply for free pharmaceutical drugs.
Parents Helping Parents (http://www.php.com/)
- A site for parents coping with disabilities in their family.
New Option Site (http://www.option.org/sonrise/index.html)
- Advice on self-improvement and handling challenging situations from the Option Institute.
Compassionate Friends (http://www.compassionatefriends.org/home.aspx)
- A support group and self-help reference for families grieving the loss of a child.
Children’s Organ Transplant Association (http://www.cota.org/)
- Assists families dealing with organ transplant to help raise funding for children.
AAIDD (American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities) (http://www.aamr.org/)
- Promotes discussion of disability related policy and helps the disabled find the care they need.
The Arc (http://www.thearc.org/page.aspx?pid=2530)
- Promotes the understanding and accommodation of disability within society.
Disability Information Resource Center (http://www.dircsa.org.au/)
- Information on various disabilities and self-help guides for disabled people.
- Disseminates information on AIDS and HIV to help people avoid contracting this deadly disease.
- The familiar support group and its cousin devoted to helping teen sufferers of alcoholism.
Arthritis Foundation (http://www.arthritis.org/)
- Describes this weakening of the joints and offers support to sufferers young and old.
Medline Plus: Asthma (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/asthma.html)
- A detailed guide to this incurable respiratory disease with links to outside pages.
Attention Deficit Disorder Association (http://www.add.org/site/PageServe)
- Empowers those with ADD by providing information on therapies and diagnosis for this common disease.
Autism Speaks (http://www.autismspeaks.org/)
- A site providing information on the various types and severities of autism as well as support to families coping with this disease.
Dyselxia Research Institute (http://www.dyslexia-add.org/index.html)
- Conducts studies into the causes behind dyslexia and possible treatments.
National Federation of the Blind (http://www.nfb.org/nfb/default.asp)
- Provides information, support and helpful technologies to people suffering from blindness.
Medline Plus: Bronchiolitis (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000975.htm)
- Description of this pulmonary disease and its danger to children.
American Cancer Society (http://www.cancer.org/)
- Site provides research into many kinds of cancer and offers advice on avoiding risk factors and seeking treatment.
Celiac Disease Foundation (http://www.celiac.org/)
- Information on all aspects of Celiac disease including diet advice and an information center for children with the disease.
World Health Organization Cholera (http://www.who.int/topics/cholera/en/)
- Facts on cholera and reported outbreaks from around the world.
American Diabetes Association (http://www.diabetes.org/)
- Information for people suffering from diabetes and advocacy for diabetes awareness and prevention.
Epilepsy Foundation (http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org/)
- Offers information and research as to the causes of epilepsy and possible treatments.
Medline Plus: Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000265.htm)
- Information on this disease of the digestive tract and its treatment.
World Health Organization: Deafness and Hearing Impairment (http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs300/en/index.html)
- Describes the causes behind loss of hearing and steps to preserve this ability.
Medline Plus: Hepatitis B (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/hepatitisb.html)
- Information on the spread and effects of hepatitis B infection and links to other knowledge sources.
PubMedHealth: Lyme Disease (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002296/)
- Information on this tick-borne illness, its symptoms and necessary medications.
The National Pediculosis Association (http://www.headlice.org/)
- Spreads awareness of lice infestations and offers effective treatments to rid your head of these bugs.
National Center for PTSD (http://www.ptsd.va.gov/)
- Offers support to sufferers of PTSD along with information on the disorder and advice on where to find help.
National Scoliosis Foundation (http://www.scoliosis.org/)
- News and information related to scoliosis and therapeutic measures.
American SIDS Institute (http://www.scoliosis.org/)
- Provides information on the occurrence of SIDS and conducts research into possible causes.
Medline Plus: Sleep Disorder (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sleepdisorders.html)
- Lists different types of sleeping disorders and provides information on their treatment and effect on health.
Medline Plus: Tuberculosis (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/tuberculosis.html)
- Information on this bacterial vector with many links to other sites with related information.
National Organization for Albinism and Hypopigmentation (http://www.albinism.org/)
- A support group spreading information on albinism and its effects.
Alport Syndrome (http://www.cc.utah.edu/~cla6202/ASHP.htm)
- Detailed and comprehensive resources on Alport’s syndrome.
An Introduction to G6PD Deficiency (http://rialto.com/g6pd/)
- Information on this common enzyme deficiency resulting in anemia.
PubMedHealth: Sickle Cell Anemia (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001554/)
- Information on sickle cell anemia, its symptoms and treatment.
Angel Down Under (http://angeldownunder.artgura.com/)
- Chronicles the story of a young man living with Angelman syndrome and provides many links to more information.
Anorectal Malformations (http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/health/info/abdomen/diagnose/anorectal-malformations.htm)
- Cincinatti Children’s Hospital guide on anorectal malformations, how they occur and treatment processes.
Teeter’s Page (http://www.apert.org/)
- A site by Elizabeth Sears (AKA Teeter), a sufferer of Apert’s syndrome, with many links for more information.
ACM Support (http://www.amcsupport.org/)
- Information on arthrogryposis multiplex congenita and provides support to parents dealing with this disease.
NINDS: Ataxia Telangiectasia (http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/a_t/a-t.htm)
- The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke page for information on A-T.
NIH: Biliary Atresia (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002130/)
- A general description of this liver disease.
- Describes birthmarks, their treatment and effect on health.
The CDG Family Network (http://www.cdgs.com/)
- Information and personal stories to support families dealing with carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndrome.
NINDS: Cerebral Palsy (http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/cerebral_palsy/cerebral_palsy.htm)
- Provides information on cerebral palsy, treatment and alternative sites with related information.
Genetics Home Reference: Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease(http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/charcot-marie-tooth-disease)
- General information on CMT with tons of links to additional information.
CHARGE Association (http://www.kumc.edu/gec/support/charge.html)
- The University of Kansas Medical Center’s group for research and understanding CHARGE syndrome and its various symptoms.
Columbia University: Chiari Malformation (http://web.archive.org/web/19990117095003/www.uab.edu/pedinfo/DiseasesCongenital.html)
- A description of chiari malformation including information on diagnosis, treatment and lifelong concerns.
Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site476/mainpageS476P0.html)
- Information on the causes, symptoms and treatment for congenital diaphragmatic hernias.
Cornelia de Lange Syndrome Foundation, Inc. (http://www.cdlsusa.org/)
- Information on CLS as well as support groups and recent research.
Columbia University: Craniofacial Anomalies (http://www.columbianeurosurgery.org/conditions/craniofacial-anomalies/)
- A guide to the many types of congenital facial disfigurements with a pictoral reference guide.
Cri-du-Chat Syndrome Support Group (http://www.criduchat.org.uk/)
- A UK foundation for the understanding and care of people suffering from Cri-du-Chat Syndrome.
Cystic Fibrosis Foundation (http://www.cff.org/)
- A center for research and information on the effects and treatments of cystic fibrosis.
Down Syndrome: Health Issues (http://www.ds-health.com/)
- A site provided by Dr. Len Leshin, a father coping with his son’s Down syndrome, with quality articles and links to outside sources of information.
Medline Plus: Dwarfism (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/dwarfism.html)
- A resource on dwarfism and achondroplasia including many links to external sites.
Medline Plus: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/fetalalcoholsyndrome.html)
- Information on this preventable disease and links to support groups, treatment measures and more.
- A research foundation for Fragile X syndrome with information on the disease and treatment options.
Congenital Heart Information Network (http://tchin.org/)
- Information on many kinds of genetic heart diseases with links to resources elsewhere on the internet.
National Hemophilia Foundation (http://www.hemophilia.org/NHFWeb/MainPgs/MainNHF.aspx?menuid=0&contentid=1)
- A support group helping people who suffer from blood disease find information on diagnosis and available treatments.
Hydrocephalus Association (http://www.hydroassoc.org/)
- Educational resources and events supporting people suffering from hydrocephalus.
Muscular Dystrophy Association (http://www.mdausa.org/)
- Information about muscular dystrophy and research hospitals investigating possible cures.
National Phenylketonuria News (http://www.pkunews.org/)
- Information on the disease, public policy, dietary guidelines and additional links from all over the web.
Spina Bifida Association (http://www.spinabifidaassociation.org/site/c.liKWL7PLLrF/b.2642297/k.5F7C/Spina_Bifida_Association.htm)
- Facts about spina bifida including prevention, diagnosis and clinics specializing in treatment.
Tourette Syndrome Association (http://www.tsa-usa.org/)
- Resources on Tourette syndrome including research into cures and processes to alleviate symptoms.
Tuberous Sclerosis Alliance (http://www.ntsa.org/)
- A volunteer organization providing information and support for tuberous sclerosis with chapters across the U.S.
American Academy of Pediatrics (http://www.aap.org/)
- Information on the pediatric profession in general with topics in health and medical education.
Bright Futures (http://www.brightfutures.org/)
- Guidelines for children’s healthcare with many different projects providing resources to everyone involved in juvenile health.
Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine (http://www.adolescenthealth.org//AM/Template.cfm?Section=Home)
- Promotes quality care for young teens through advocacy and local chapters.
American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (http://www.adolescenthealth.org//AM/Template.cfm?Section=Home)
- Group researching the causes of respiratory related diseases and infections.
AAP: Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics (http://www.aap.org/sections/dbpeds/)
- A subsection of the American Academy of Pediatrics that focuses primarily on developmental and behavioral patterns in human maturation.
American Heart Association (http://www.aap.org/sections/dbpeds/)
- Information for medical consumers and practitioners on heart health and cardiology research.
Pediatric Critical Care Website (http://pedsccm.org/)
- A site for pediatricians focused on literally saving lives by providing needed care to impacted areas.
Center for Pediatric Emergency Medicine (http://cpem.med.nyu.edu/)
- An advocacy and research group aimed at improving the emergency medical system for children across the country.
American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (http://www.aace.com/)
- Studies the factors that affect human growth and presents information on clinical approaches to treat growth disorders.
Pediatric Endocrine Society (http://lwpes.org/)
- Advances knowledge of endocrine disorders and provides families with support information.
NAT 3.0 (http://nat.illinois.edu/)
- A tool developed by the University of Illinois that provides information on the nutritional quality of food.
AAP: Nutrition (http://www.aap.org/healthtopics/nutrition.cfm)
- A guide to healthy child nutrition and dietary plans including information on the benefits of various vitamins and minerals.
American Society of Human Genetics (http://www.ashg.org/)
- Focused on how genetics affects human health and development.
American Society of Clinical Oncology (http://www.asco.org/)
- Researches all types of cancer in hopes of finding better treatment methods for patients.
American Society of Hematology (http://www.hematology.org/)
- News and information on blood diseases with research and examples from practicing physicians.
- A site with tons of information on infectious diseases and their special threat to young people.
Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/recs/acip/default.htm)
- A branch of the CDC offering guidelines and advice on immunization practices and scheduling for children and adults.
International Society of Travel Medicine (http://www.istm.org/)
- Investigates the spread of diseases through human population movement and traces strains to their point of origin.
Neonatology on the Web (http://www.neonatology.org/)
- Information and resources on the care of newborns including a job board for practitioners.
- Facts and practices on high-risk birthing procedures like C-sections and breach births.
International Society for Prenatal Diagnosis (http://www.ispdhome.org/)
- Promotes scientific investigation into fetal health in utero.
American Society of Pediatric Nephrology (http://www.aspneph.com/)
- Advances care for children suffering diseases of the kidneys through research and public policy initiatives.
American Academy of Neurology (http://www.aan.com/)
- Organization presenting research and case studies on the workings of the human nervous system and neurological disorders.
American College of Physicians: Pulmonology (http://www.acponline.org/patients_families/about_internal_medicine/subspecialties/pulmonology/)
- Details pulmonology as the study of chest related illnesses, especially those affecting the lungs.
Arthritis Foundation (http://www.arthritis.org/)
- Studies and advocacy on arthritis and its treatments with a new site especially for children suffering from arthritis.
American Pediatric Surgical Association (http://www.eapsa.org//AM/Template.cfm?Section=Home)
- A member association for research into child surgeries and their specific complications.
The Cardiothoracic Surgery Network (http://www.ctsnet.org/)
- Information for heart and chest surgeons.
Pediatric Neurosurgery Center (http://www.columbianeurosurgery.org/specialties/pediatric-neurosurgery/)
- Provided by the Columbia University Medical Center to promote research into neurosurgery in children.
American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (http://www.aapos.org/)
- Offers data on surgeries of the eyes in adolescents and links to research for professionals.
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (http://www.aaos.org/)
- Education in surgeries of the bone including bone setting and marrow transplantation.
EntNet (American Academic of Otolaryngology) (http://www.entnet.org/)
- Surgeons specializing in head and neck injuries, their repair and possible complications.
Pediatric Plastic and Craniofacial Surgery (http://www.med.unc.edu/plastic/ptinfo/pediatric-plastic-and-craniofacial-surgery)
- Information on some common facial deformities and the work of surgeons who help amend these cosmetic flaws.
Society for Pediatric Urology (http://www.spuonline.org/)
- Though pediatric urology usually involves only circumcision, this group of specialists provides research on a variety of disorders specific to urology.